Conspiracy charges are often associated with large-scale criminal activities such as those involving drugs, prostitution and weapons. In some cases, a person can be charged with conspiracy simply by engaging or participating in a plot to commit a crime even though the person does not personally commit the crime. To avoid the often harsh penalties that come with a conviction involving conspiracy charges, an accused person stands a better chance of withstanding prosecution by a mounting a conspiracy defense.
Oregon residents may recall the charges last October against the former head of National Relief Charities, an organization dedicated to helping Native Americans with college costs. The allegations in that case covered acts of fraud - deception committed for financial gain - which can include wire fraud, mortgage fraud, bank fraud and other white-collar offenses. Most of these are federal crimes, so convictions usually mean harsher penalties than in state courts because of mandatory minimum sentencing.
Robbery is defined as the act of theft or larceny of money or property through the use of physical force, threat and fear against the victim. Armed or aggravated robbery is further defined by any robbery with the use of a deadly weapon where a victim may suffer some injury.